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Jargon buster

There may be some terms throughout our website that you’re slightly unsure of. Take a look at our handy Jargon Buster to find out what they all mean.

Education: organisations and legal terminology
DfE Department for Education
Ofsted Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills. They inspect and regulate services that care for children and young adults, and services providing education and skills for learners of all ages
LA Local Authority – an administrative body in government responsible for all the public services and facilities within an area
LEA Local Education Authority – term no longer used, it has been replaced by single term Local Authority
Child A child is anyone who has not yet reached their 18th birthday. They have an entitlement to services and protection under the Children Act 1989. A child with SEN is a child until they reach their 19th birthday.
Adult An adult is anyone who has reached their 18th birthday, or if they have SEN, anyone who has reached their 19th birthday.
Young person This term is no longer legally recognised or accepted as an appropriate term as it doesn’t carry the necessary information around vulnerability i.e. it implies they have no protection under the Children Act 1989. As such, the terms child or adult should always be used, based on the criteria explained in the definitions above.
BAME British Black, Asian and minority ethnics – used to refer to non-white communities in the UK
Education: types of school / academic institutions
Maintained school A school funded by a Local Authority
Free school A school set up by a group of individuals or an organisation, funded by the government, but not controlled by the Local Authority
Academy A state-funded school in England, directly funded by the Department for Education, independent of Local Authority control
Independent School School independent from the authorities in its finances and governance. It may have a board of governors or trustees or be controlled by a board of directors or even one individual. It will have a system of governance to ensure it operates independently
Independent Special School As above, but specifically designed to make provision for those children with special education needs.
Section 41 School A school published by the Secretary of State as an approved independent education institution or independent special school. Any Section 41 school listed in an EHCP has a legal requirement to offer that child a place, regardless of existing pupil numbers.
Prep School A preparatory school is a private primary school for children, getting them ready for a place at a private secondary school
Public School A private, fee-paying secondary school
PRU Pupil Referral Unit or Pupil Re-Integration Unit – an establishment maintained by a Local Authority specifically organised to provide education for children who are excluded, sick or otherwise unable to attend a mainstream or special maintained school
Education: curriculum & learning levels
NC Levels National Curriculum Levels – a set of 8 bands used to measure a child’s progress against other pupils of the same age across the UK. The levels apply to children in KS1, 2 and 3. NC Levels are being phased out; schools are being given the responsibility of setting their own measures of progress.
P-Scales Also known as P Levels, these are an assessment tool for pupils aged 5 to 16 with special educational needs to report pupil’s attainment working below the standard of the National Curriculum tests and assessments. There is no legal requirement to follow these – at BeyondAutism we instead use targets set out in each learner’s IEP as these are better at tracking the progress the individual is making.
EYFS Early Years Foundation Stage – a set of standards in England for the learning, development and care of a child from birth up to 5 years
KS Key Stages – the stages of the state education system. The National Curriculum then sets out the expected targets to be achieved in different subject areas within these key stages.
KS0 Key Stage 0, known as Early Years – covers nursery / reception, age 3–5
KS1 Key Stage 1 – equivalent to school years 1 and 2, age 5–7
KS2 Key Stage 2 – equivalent to school years 3 to 6, age 7–11
KS3 Key Stage 3 – equivalent to school years 7 to 9, age 11–14
KS4 Key Stage 4 – equivalent to school years 10 and 11, age 14–16
KS5 Key Stage 5 – equivalent to 6th Form, school years 12 and 13, age 16–18
Education: Special needs
SEN Special Education Needs – a legal term describing the needs of a child who has a difficulty or disability which makes it harder for them to learn than their peers
SEND Special Education Needs and Disabilities – when someone has a learning difficulty and a disability that means they need special health and education support
SEMH Social Emotional and Mental Health – a certain type of special education needs where a child/young person has severe difficulties in managing their emotions and behaviour.
SENCO / SENDCo Special Education Needs Co-ordinator
TAC Team Around the Child is a model of multi-agency service provision. The TAC brings together a range of different practitioners from across the children and young people's workforce to support an individual child or young person and their family.
EHCP Previously called the statement, the Education Health Care Plan sets out the education, health and social needs of a child, and the support needed to be able to deliver it. Notably, the education aspects included within are legally binding – the local authority has a duty to provide support to meet them, whereas the health and social aspects are recommendations. It covers up to 25 years.
Ed Psych Educational Psychologist. They work within local authorities, in partnership with families and other professionals to help children and young people achieve their full potential by using their training to assess difficulties a child may have in accessing learning.
PCP Personal Curriculum Plan – a document, created by our schools, that provides an overview of the targets being worked on each year, mapping out key development areas and ensuring that progress keeps momentum throughout the year.
IEP Individual Education Plan – this is a document developed for each child with an EHCP to outline the targets that will be worked towards each term, to ensure the EHCP is being delivered.
PAG Programme at a Glance – used at our schools, this is a weekly tracker that outlines in a visual way the progress each individual learner is making against their termly targets.
CAMHS Pronounced ‘CAMS’ this is the Child and Mental Health Services, a specialist NHS service who assess and treat young people with emotional, behavioural or mental health issues.
Child in Need Defined under the Children Act 1989 as a child who is unlikely to achieve or maintain a reasonable level of health or development, or whose health and development is likely to be significantly or further impaired, without the provision of services; or a child who is disabled. Every single one of our pupils is legally defined as a Child in Need.
Looked after child A child is looked after by a local authority if a court has granted a care order to place a child in care, or a council's children's services department has cared for the child for more than 24 hours.
Pupil premium Additional funding given to schools in England to help disadvantaged children perform better and close the gap between them and their peers.
Free School meals (FSM) Entitlement for families living in poverty to ensure their children receive a healthy nutritious meal in the middle of the day. This goes hand-in-hand with pupil premium.
Safeguarding organisations, individuals and terminology
DSL Designated Safeguarding Lead – take lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection across the school/ each site of the organisation. They take part in strategy discussions and inter-agency meetings and contribute to the assessment of children. They advise and support other members of staff on child welfare and child protection matters and liaise with relevant agencies such as the local authority and police.
DSP Designated Safeguarding Person – supporting the Designated Safeguarding Lead at each site. Each class has a DSP responsible for following up on safeguarding concerns for their class/classes.
LADO Local Authority Designated Officer – they are a person within the local authority whose role is to provide support and guidance for employers around any safeguarding concerns involving children and young people. They can be a liaison between other organisations such as the police and Ofsted and assist where investigations are required.
MASH Multi Agency Safeguarding Hubs – set up by many areas in response to government review of procedures in place to identify children and vulnerable adults at risk of abuse. Specifically, these hubs aim to bring together professionals across different agencies to stop anyone at risk falling through the gaps and not getting the support they need.
Local Safeguarding Partnerships Local Safeguarding Partnerships are set to replace MASH and LADO teams within 2 years.
KCSIE 2018 Keeping Children Safe in Education – publication from government providing statutory guidance for proprietors, schools and colleges on safeguarding children and safer recruitment.
Working Together to Safeguard Children Statutory guidance on inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, updated in July 2018.
About Autism
ASC Autism Spectrum Condition, alternative to ASD
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder, alternative to ASC
Stims / Stimming Short for self-stimulatory behaviour, people do this to provide sensory input, usually of a pleasing nature. This can be a way of relaxing in stressful situations, so is a natural part of having autism. We all have stims – twirling our hair, rocking on chairs, biting our nails, jiggling our knees are all examples of stims. However, if the stim is self injurious in nature, we would teach replacement behaviours.
Relevant associations / organisations
NAS National Autistic Society – the largest autism charity in the UK, serving people with autism from early diagnosis right through adulthood.
NASS National Association of Special Schools – the voice of the nonmaintained school sector, a registered charity and company. BeyondAutism are members of this Association.
IPSEA Independent Parental Special Education Advice – non-profit organisation offering parents free and independent legal advice and support to get the right education for their child.
Scientific Methodology / Curriculum
ABA (Applied Behaviour Analysis) A method of teaching that uses the pupils’ own motivation to encourage them to access their individual learning goals and targets. This method of teaching uses behaviour analysis as a way to teach/learn new skills, reduce problematic behaviours and increase socially appropriate and positive behaviours
VB (Verbal Behaviour) VB is a strand of research that analysed language as behaviour rather than as a cognitive process. It is an understanding that language is learnt and acquired like any other behaviour. It was proposed that language acquisition is determined by the way it is used (its function) rather than its form. Skinner (1957) defined the different functions of language (how we use it and why) which he called collectively Verbal Operants (please see Verbal Behaviour Terminology below for further detail)

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